Monthly Archives: October 2016


By Zubair Faisal Abbasi Human development and capability approach (HDCA) to development argues that one central focus of development interventions must be to ensure human freedom in societies. The theory builds a case for an enabling environment and personal capabilities in which essential freedoms can be protected and enhanced. For […]

Many Layers of Exclusion


by Zubair Faisal Abbasi Trade finance is a financial facility designed to provide financial services to the exporters and importers in a manner that exporter is paid and importer gets her imported items. Behind the trade finance system there are calculations about risk assessments of firms and countries, credit ratings, […]

Trade Finance, SMEs and Women-owned Organizations



by Zubair Faisal Abbasi In Pakistan, a large number of students are usually instructed not to ask questions. They are asked to learn what is taught and reproduce what they have learnt. A good student is one who reproduces most accurately during exams and receives a shield of honour for […]

Economic Thinking in Pakistan